Biomass is a renewable energy source produced from biodegradable parts of waste side-products and residues of plant mass or "surplus" of primary agricultural production; its combustion is used for producing heat, as well as to produce electricity or it can be converted by various methods into liquid state (bio-fuels for transport), or by gasification and biological decomposition of waste material in the gaseous state (biogas). Biomass is the most important fuel after coal, oil and natural gas.
The technical potential of biomass in Serbia
The most significant renewable energy potential in Serbia is the energy from biomass and it is estimated at 3,405 million ten, of which the potential of the wood mass is 1.53 million ten, the potential of agricultural biomass is 1.67 million ten (residues in crop production, animal husbandry, fruit growing, viticulture, primary processing of fruits), while the potential of the primary biodegradable waste is estimated at 205 thousand ten, and besides municipal waste, there are also waste edible oils and animal waste in the total amount of 0,043 million ten per year. The potential of biomass is available to the whole of Serbia. Wood biomass is mainly available in central Serbia and its usage level is very high (66.7%),... Read more